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Marriage amendment defeated

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ST. PAUL -- Minnesota made history in this election as the first state to reject a constitutional amendment to ban gay marriage.

Since a state law still remains on the books, the vote does not automatically allow same-sex weddings. However, with a newly elected Democratic-Farmer-Laborite Legislature and governor, the subject is bound to be debated when lawmakers take office in January.

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Thirty other states approved the proposal when voters were asked. However, opponents to the proposed Minnesota constitutional amendment found money to buck the national trend.

With most of the votes counted, supporters garnered 47 percent of the vote.

The campaign was the most expensive Minnesota constitutional amendment campaign ever, but regardless of the outcome, nothing will change soon.

The battle has been brewing for years, with a May 2011 state Legislature vote to put the proposal on the ballot signaling the real start of the most extensive ballot question campaign in state history. In recent days, polls showed the gap narrowing and, for the first time, pro-gay marriage forces pulling into a virtual tie.

The amendment needed to receive more than half of all votes cast Tuesday, not just those cast for or against the amendment. That Minnesota requirement makes passing amendments more difficult because many voters skip them, so their votes are counted as "no" votes.

For all the talk about allowing same-sex marriage, Tuesday's vote had no direct effect on it. A state law remains on the books banning gay marriage, and it would take an act of the Legislature or the courts to change that.

Legislative amendment supporters, mostly Republicans, had said they wanted the state Constitution amended because that would provide better protection from lawmakers and judges who may want it overturned.

Six states allow gay marriage: Iowa, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, New York and Vermont. Thirty states have amended their constitutions to only allow straight couples to marry, and no proposed amendment has failed in other states.

Minnesotans United for All Families, the main group opposing the amendment, collected $11.2 million for its campaign. The primary supporting group, Minnesota for Marriage, reported raising $3.6 million.

Opponents toured the state in recent days. Both sides worked the telephones.

Republicans' party platform included support of the amendment, while the Democratic-Farmer-Laborite document opposed it.

However, the issue does not break strictly along party lines. Religion plays a big role.

Some religious organizations, including the Catholic Church, joined hands in support of the amendment. Religious leaders backing the amendment say the Bible and other religious teachings make it clear that marriage must be only between a man and a woman.

Opponents, however, contend that love is the overarching concern, as in "love thy neighbor as thyself."

Freelance writers Andrew Tellijohn and Martin Owings contributed to this story.

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