ADVERTISEMENT

ADVERTISEMENT

With fewer anti-abortion DFLers, hurdle removed for access protections

The last remaining DFLer in the Minnesota House who would oppose codifying abortion protections into law appears to be Winona Rep. Gene Pelowski.

The Minnesota House chamber is packed with state representatives and senators Feb. 22, 2017, gathered to elect University of Minnesota regents.
The Minnesota House chamber.
Don Davis / 2017 file / Forum News Service
We are part of The Trust Project.

ST. PAUL — Now that the Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party holds control of the Minnesota House, Senate and governor’s office, Democratic leaders say one of their top priorities is to codify abortion rights protections into state law to ensure access to the procedure in a post-Roe v. Wade U.S.

But it wasn’t too long ago that even in the DFL-controlled House of Representatives there was not an abortion-rights majority. There were several Democratic lawmakers vocally opposed to abortion, all from rural districts outside the Twin Cities metro, meaning the 68 votes needed to pass any legislation codifying protections remained out of reach in the House — even after the DFL took control back from Republicans in 2018.

Minnesota’s evolving political landscape, however, appears to be playing in favor of abortion-rights supporters, who may have very well secured majorities due to voter reaction to the end of federal abortion protections with the U.S. Supreme Court's overturning of Roe v. Wade in June.

Republicans this year made advances in rural DFL strongholds such as Northeastern Minnesota’s Iron Range, where the handful of anti-abortion DFLers held seats. But despite some success in rural areas, they lost multiple House seats in Twin Cities suburbs, allowing the DFL to maintain their majority but with fewer anti-abortion members in their caucus.

House Minority Leader Melissa Hortman, D-Brooklyn Park, looks on during a pre-legislative session briefing for the media in the Minnesota State Senate Building in St. Paul on Feb. 13, 2018. Michael Brun / Forum News Service
House Minority Leader Melissa Hortman, D-Brooklyn Park, looks on during a pre-legislative session briefing for the media in the Senate Building in St. Paul in 2018.
Michael Brun / File / Forum News Service

The House is now 70-64 in favor of the DFL, and Speaker Melissa Hortman told reporters following the election that if the current results hold, she expects 69 votes to back a bill protecting abortion access. Meanwhile, the DFL also won back control of the Senate, increasing the likelihood a bill will end up on Gov. Tim Walz’s desk.

ADVERTISEMENT

Currently, there is no law protecting abortion in Minnesota, though it is constitutionally protected under the 1995 Minnesota Supreme Court decision Doe v. Gomez.

The last remaining DFLer in the House who would oppose codifying abortion protections into law appears to be Winona Rep. Gene Pelowski, who was first elected in 1986. Of the three incumbent House DFLers opposed to abortion who were on the ballot this November, he’s the only one who was reelected.

6f73dba9fc87dc772a2ee901b1c6672e.jpg
State Rep. Gene Pelowski speaks during a reopening ceremony for the Winona bridge July 1, 2019, in Winona.
Andrew Link / File / Post Bulletin

“This parallels the decline of the DFL in greater Minnesota,” Pelowski said. “The greater Minnesota DFL has declined so did those legislators in the DFL that were pro-life.”

Pelowski, who chairs the House Higher Education Committee, remains after Dilworth DFL Rep. Paul Marquart retired, and Northeastern Minnesota Reps. Mary Murphy and Julie Sandstede lost to their GOP challengers this November.

Duluth's Natalie Zeleznikar unseated Mary Murphy, DFL-Hermantown, in House District 3B by margin of 50.01%-49.85%, according to unofficial results.

Murphy’s race is subject to a recount as it came down to just 35 votes, but even if she wins, the DFL would still hit its threshold if Hortman's estimate is right.

Mary Murphy Web.jpg
Rep. Mary Murphy

Pelowski says his opposition to abortion is a personal value rooted in his Roman Catholic upbringing.

The Grand Rapids Republican, who currently represents House District 5B, defeated Rep. Julie Sandstede, a Hibbing DFLer who represents House District 6A.

"You don't see me giving speeches on it," he said. "It's something I grew up with. And with that, I've never really thought of it as a political value."

It's increasingly uncommon to hear an elected DFLer to say something like that, and the trend goes beyond the Minnesota Legislature. As recently as 2010, Minnesota had two longtime Democratic congressmen opposed to abortion: Jim Oberstar in the northeastern 8th District and Collin Peterson in the western 7th District. Oberstar lost to a Republican in 2010, and a decade later Peterson met the same fate.

ADVERTISEMENT

Hamline University political science professor David Schultz, a longtime observer of Minnesota politics, said the state aligns with national trends.

Mondale UMD 2002.jpeg
Then-U.S. Senate candidate Walter Mondale, left, and U.S. Rep. Jim Oberstar share a laugh at the start of a Mondale town hall meeting at the University of Minnesota Duluth on Nov. 2, 2002.
Derek Neas / File / Duluth News Tribune

“I always tell people the best way to describe the change in Minnesota and national politics in the last 30 years, is that in 1986, a pro-life Democrat Rudy Perpich wins election (as governor) to only lose four years later to a pro-choice Republican Arne Carlson. Would that political alignment ever occur today? Not a chance in the world.”

Minneapolis DFL Rep. Jamie Long, the incoming House Majority Leader, said characterizing abortion as a rural vs. urban or suburban issue doesn’t tell the whole story, as most Minnesotans oppose more restrictions.

“I think if you look at where the Minnesota public is, they support reproductive rights by big margins all across the state. It doesn't matter whether you're in the metro or the suburbs or greater Minnesota,” he said. “So I don't think the question is, where in the state of do Minnesotans support reproductive rights? But we certainly are seeing a polarization of the state parties.”

What's next?

The DFL controlled state government in 2013-2014, but why didn’t they act to pass abortion protections then? At that point Roe v. Wade remained intact, meaning there were two layers of protection for abortion rights: one through the Minnesota Supreme Court and another from the U.S. Supreme Court.

“The Supreme Court was going to weigh in and basically prevent you from doing whatever you wanted, at least if you were to try to restrict abortion," said Schultz. "And I think some Democrats in tougher swing districts, which were more conservative, especially when the Democrats were still representing rural areas, would say well, OK, I'm pro-life. And that probably aligned them like Oberstars of the world.”

MORE ABOUT THE MINNESOTA LEGISLATURE
The POST board approved a draft of licensing guidelines for officers. One of the changes is a specific ban on licensing for individuals with ties to extremist groups.
A previous DFL plan called for up to 12 weeks of paid leave for family and medical reasons. Republicans opposed creating the program, which would create a new tax.
With plenty of cash to go around, it's time to expand and repair parks, wildlife areas and boat landings.
During the recent Wadena County Truth In Taxation meeting, one county commissioner suggested Wadena County should dissolve itself and become absorbed into its neighbors as rising wages, increased
State senators, Paul Utke, Jordan Rasmusson and Rob Kupec, all issued statements and their plans to deal with Minnesota's projected $17.6 billion budget surplus on Dec. 6.
“The golden opportunity that we have to make Minnesota an even better and fairer and more inclusive and more prosperous state is there,” said DFL Gov. Tim Walz. Legislative Republicans said the
For years, the Northern Lights Express rail project has failed to gain traction in the Minnesota Legislature, largely due to GOP opposition.
Minnesota often tops lists for most expensive child care in the U.S. Areas outside the Twin Cities metro lost more than 20,000 child care slots between 2000 and 2020.
Aric Putnam was elected to his second term in the Minnesota Senate in the November general election, which saw the Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party flip enough Senate seats from red to blue that the
A “5 o'clock somewhere” provision in the law will give Minnesota bars a chance to serve liquor 30 minutes before, during and 30 minutes after the live broadcast of FIFA World Cup matches. Local

Now that federal abortion protections are gone, Democrats are moving to create additional lines of defense should the issue be overturned by a future state supreme court with justices appointed by a Republican governor (Minnesota last elected a Republican governor in 2006, and most of the current justices were appointed by Democrats).

What would codifying abortion access in Minnesota look like? Democrats have a few options now that they have complete control of state government.

ADVERTISEMENT

One option would be to pass legislation similar to the Protect Reproductive Options Act , a bill introduced in the 2021 legislative session that never gained any traction due to obstacles in the House and Republican control of the Senate. That bill would establish rights to contraception, abortion and privacy in state law.

Another option for the Legislature would be to send the question to voters by placing a constitutional amendment protecting abortion rights on the ballot. In the aftermath of the Dobbs v. Jackson Supreme Court decision that overturned Roe earlier this year, Kansas, Kentucky and Montana had ballot measures to restrict abortion. All three failed. Voters in California, Michigan and Vermont all approved measures to create a constitutional right to abortion.

Alex Derosier covers Minnesota breaking news and state government for Forum News Service.
What to read next
Tribal officials said they felt an urgency to act because of the increase in proposed large livestock operations on and near the reservation
Receia Kollie was a registered nurse at Prairie St. John's hospital, a mental health and addiction treatment facility in Fargo.
J. Alexander Kueng pleaded guilty in October to a single state count of aiding and abetting manslaughter.
Now disbarred, former Willmar attorney Gregory Anderson pleaded guilty to fraud in hiding business assets of the former mayor of Kerkhoven in bankruptcy proceedings.